(PROPHET MUHAMMAD & AVATAR MEHER BABA)
Meher Baba declared that He was Muhammad in His previous advent. Muhammad is the central figure of Islam and widely regarded as its founder. He is known to Muslims as the "Holy Prophet", almost all of whom consider Him to be the last prophet sent by God to mankind to restore Islam. Biographies of Prophet Muhammad and Meher Baba about His incarnation as Muhammad are briefly described as under:
Muhammad was the founder of the religion of Islam and is regarded by Muslims as a messenger and prophet of God, the final law-bearer in a series of Islamic prophets as taught by the Qur’an. Muslims believe it represents the words of God revealed by the archangel Gabriel to Muhammad. He was also active as a diplomat, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, reformer, military general, and, according to Muslim belief, an agent of divine action.
Born in 570 in the Arabian city of Mecca, he was orphaned at an early age and brought up under the care of his uncle Abu Talib. He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd. At age 25, Muhammad fist wed his wealthy employer, the 40-year-old merchant Khadija bint Khuwaylid (595-620). They had two sons, Qasim and Abd-Allah , both died young, and four daughters—Zaynab, Ruqaiya, Umm Kulthum and Fatimah. Later he married to mostly widows whose of husbands who were killed in battle of Badar. They were: (1) Sawda bint Zamʿa, (2) Aisha bint Abi Bakr, (3) Hafsa bint Umar ,(4) Zaynab bint uzayma, (5) Hind bint Abi Umayya, (6) Zaynab bint Jahsh , (7) Juwayriyya bint al-Harith, (8) Safiyya bint Huyayy, (9) Ramla bint Abi Sufyan, (10) Maymunah bint al-Harith, (11) Maria bint Sham'ûn, (12) Rayhana bint Zayd, and (13) Hafsa bint Umar, (14) Rayhana bint Zayd, but her relationship with Muhammad is disputed. Muhammad's wife Khadijah and Uncle Abu Talib both died in 619, the year thus being known as the "year of sorrow". Muhammad also allowed for marry 4 wife’s which was need of the time to shelter widows whose husbands were killed in battle.
Discontented with life in Mecca, he retreated to a cave in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection. According to Islamic beliefs it was here, at age 40, in the month of Ramadan, where he received his first revelation from God. Three years after this event Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "surrender" to Him is the only way of life acceptable to God, and that he himself was a prophet and messenger of God, in the same vein as other prophets before him.
Muhammad gained few followers early on, and was met with hostility from some Meccan tribes; he and his followers were treated harshly. To escape persecution, Muhammad sent some of his followers to Abyssinia before he and his remaining followers in Mecca eventually migrated to Medina (then known as Yathrib) in the year 622. This event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Medina, Muhammad united the conflicting tribes, and after eight years of fighting with the Meccans, his followers — who by then had grown to 10,000 — conquered Mecca. In 632, Muhammad completed his first truly Islamic pilgrimage, thereby teaching his followers the rites of the annual Great Pilgrimage, known as Hajj. After completing the pilgrimage, Muhammad asked his male followers to "be good to women, for they are powerless captives (awan) in your households. He told them that they were entitled to discipline their wives but should do so with kindness. He addressed the issue of inheritance by forbidding false claims of paternity or of a client relationship to the deceased, and forbade his followers to leave their wealth to a testamentary heir. He also upheld the sacredness of four lunar months in each year. He said, "Today I have perfected your religion, and completed my favours for you and chosen Islam as a religion for you"
In 632, a few months after returning to Medina from his Farewell pilgrimage, Muhammad fell ill and suffered for several days with fever, head pain, and weakness. He died on Monday, 8 June 632, in Medina, at the age of 62, in the house of his wife Aisha. Muhammad was buried where he died in Aisha's house. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi ("the Prophet's mosque") in Medina, Saudi Arabia, with the Green Dome was built over Muhammad's tomb in the center.
After Muhammad's death, Umar ibn al-Khattab, a prominent companion of Muhammad, nominated Abu Bakr, Muhammad's friend and collaborator. With additional support Abu Bakr was confirmed as the first caliph.
Muhammad was proportionate, stout, firm-gripped, even of belly and chest, broad-chested and broad-shouldered. Muhammad's entry into Mecca and the destruction of idols. Muhammad is shown as a flame in this manuscript.
Muslims generally avoid depictions of Muhammad, and mosques are decorated with calligraphy and Quranic inscriptions or geometrical designs, not images or sculptures. Today, the interdiction against images of Muhammad – designed to prevent worship of Muhammad, rather than God – is much more strictly observed in Sunni Islam (85%–90% of Muslims) and Ahmadiyya Islam (1%) than among Shias (10%–15%).[ While both Sunnis and Shias have created images of Muhammad in the past, Islamic depictions of Muhammad are rare.
Miracles of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad are a number of supernatural occurrences, which were made by Muhammad during his lifetime. These miracles are shown either in the Qur'an or, in the vast majority of cases, in the hadith (traditions of Muhammad). Muhammad's miracles encompass a broad range, such as the multiplication of food, manifestation of water, hidden knowledge, prophesies, healing, punishment, and power over nature. Few are noted as under:
On several occasions he provided food and water supernaturally. He comforted a palm tree that was crying and upset after he stopped leaning on it during his sermons. He caused two trees to move at his command. He quenched the thirst of thousands of his soldiers during the Battle of Al-Masjid an-Nabawi ("the Prophet's mosque") inMedina, Saudi Arabia. He caused a well to swell with water during the event of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, enabling his followers with him to drink and use the water for ablution. He threw a handful of dust at some of the enemy during the Battle of Badr, causing them to be blinded. He told his companion, Uthman, that a calamity would befall him, which would be followed with his entering paradise; this eventuated during Uthman's Caliphate. He told his companion, Ammar ibn Yasir, that the unjust party would kill him; this eventuated during the First Fitna. He said that God would make peace between two large Muslim groups through his grandson Hasan ibn Ali; this eventuated with the Hasan–Muawiya treaty. He said that a man who was apparently fighting for the Muslim cause would actually be of the people of Hell; this was proven when the man committed suicide in order to remove his suffering following a wound in battle. He said that he would kill one of the enemies of the Muslims, Ubay ibn Khalaf, which he achieved at the Battle of Uhud. Before the Battle of Badr, he showed exactly where each of the enemy chiefs would be killed; they all died in the exact locations stated.
He said that a part of his nation would raid by sea; this eventuated with the establishment of Muslim naval power under the Caliphate. He said that his daughter Fatimah would be the first of his family to die after him; which eventuated. He told his wives that the most charitable one among them would be the first to die after him; this eventuated with the death of Zaynab bint Jahsh. He caused Abdullah ibn Masud to convert to Islam after he made a barren ewe, which produced no milk, to produce milk. He spit into Ali's sick eye, during the Battle of Khaybar, and it became healthy. He caused it to rain during a drought in Medina.
Muhammad forbade wine for His followers. An incident goes like this. Muhammad, making a journey to a friend at noon, entered into his house where there was a marriage feast in full celebration. Sitting down with the guests, Muhammad observed them to be very merry and jovial, kissing and embracing one another, which was attributed to their cheerfulness of spirits raised by the wine. So, impressed by that, Muhammad blessed wine as a sacred thing in being thus an instrument of causing much love among men.
But, returning to the same house the next day, Muhammad beheld another face of things – there was gore and blood all over the floor! A hand cut off, an arm, foot, and other limbs dismembered, which he was told was the effect of the brawls and fighting caused by the wine, which turned them mad and inflamed them into a fury, thus destroying one another even at a marriage feast. Whereupon Muhammad changed his mind,
Biography of Avatar Meher Baba
Biography of Meher Baba is written in previous episode no 29