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Dr. B R Ambedkar was a great scholar, eminent jurist, a well known politician of Gandhi era and Architect of the Indian Constitution. He was born in Mahar (Dalit) family on 14 April 1891 in Madhya Pradesh as 4th child of his parents. Ambedkar was a victim of caste discrimination from school days till employment as Defence e Secretary to King of Baroda. Last, in 1927 he was awarded a Doctorate by the University of Columbia.


After returning to India, Dr. Ambedkar decided to fight against the caste discrimination that almost fragmented the nation. Ambedkar opined that there should be separate electoral system for the untouchables and lower caste people. He also favored the concept of providing reservation for dalits and other religious communities.


Gandhi met Maher Baba and requested Him to guide untouchables coming to Baba; advice Dr. Ambedkar not to be vindictive, stop his campaign for the cause of the untouchables and not to excite the feelings of untouchables against the Hindus (Brahmins). Baba responded, "I have already advised these Untouchables and their leaders who came to me. I intend to advise them to fight for their rights non-violently”.


On 6th September, 1932, Baba met Dr. Ambedkar in Bombay. Baba said to him, First of all, let it be quite clear that I have nothing to do with politics. My concern in this matter is purely from the spiritual point of view, and out of my regard and feeling for the depressed classes. Apart from any politics, I have already done much for them during My time in Meherabad, where I made the high-class Brahmins live and eat in My ashram with Untouchables. Not only that, I made My Brahmin disciples bathe the untouchable boys. I bathed them Myself. I have the cause of the depressed classes at heart, and I quite understand and appreciate your efforts on their behalf.


"Now, the situation is such that the settlement of self-rule for India rests on the delicate question of joint or separate electorates for the depressed classes. I advise you, for reasons I am about to explain, to accept the joint electorate with a reservation of seats and other rights and details to be settled with Gandhi and other leaders. "Ambedkar replied that he would keep Baba's advice in mind, but that first he had to consult with his committee members and would let Baba know the results later.


Like Gandhi who failed to understand Baba’s advice for not imposing non-violence which is God ordained, Dr. Ambedkar also did not appreciate Baba’s advice of Joint electorate.

In 1936, DR. Ambedkar founded the Independent Labor Party. In the 1937 elections to the Central Legislative Assembly his party won 15 seats. Dr. Ambedkar oversaw the transformation of his political party into the All India Scheduled Castes Federation, although it performed poorly in the elections held in 1946 for the Constituent Assembly of India. Dr. Ambedkar objected to the decision of Congress and Mahatma Gandhi to call the untouchable community as Harijans. His reputation as a scholar led to his appointment as free India's first, Law Minister and chairman of the committee responsible to draft constitution


1950, Ambedkar traveled to Sri Lanka to attend a convention of Buddhist scholars and monks. After his return, fed up and frustrated with Hindus’ discrimination on untouchables he converted himself to Buddhism. In his speeches, Dr. Ambedkar lambasted on Hindu rituals and caste division. Dr. Ambedkar founded the Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha In 1955. His book "The Buddha and His Dhamma" was published. On October 14, 1956 DR. Ambedkar organized a public ceremony to convert around five lakh of his supporters into Buddhism. On 6 December, 1956 he died at his home in Delhi. He was awarded “Bharat Ratna” posthumously.